Making quality medicines available at affordable prices for all, particularly the poor and disadvantaged, through exclusive outlets “Jan Aushadhi Medical Store”, so as to reduce out of pocket expenses in healthcare.
To bring down the healthcare budget of every citizen of India through providing Quality generic Medicines at Affordable Prices.Mission:
It is a well-known fact that branded medicines are sold at significantly higher prices in India. Given the widespread poverty across the country, making available reasonably priced quality medicines in the market would benefit everyone, especially the poor and the disadvantaged.This has been always a major concern for the Government of India. Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers has been taking several regulatory and fiscal measures from time to time towards realizing this objective.
“Jan Aushadhi” is the novel project launched by Government of India in the year 2008 for the noble cause – Quality Medicines at Affordable Prices for All. The campaign was undertaken through sale of generic medicines through exclusive outlets namely “Jan Aushadhi Medical Store”in various districts of the country. The first “Jan Aushadhi Medical Store” was opened on 25thNov 2008 at Amritsar in Punjab.
Initially, it was proposed that the Jan Aushadhi campaign be implemented during 11thFive Year Plan period starting from 2008-09, with the target, at least one Jan Aushadhi store in each of the 630 districts of the country, to be extended to sub-divisional levels as well as major towns and village centers by 2012. It was envisaged that the scheme would run on a self-sustaining business model, and not be dependent on government subsidies or assistance beyond the initial support. It was to be run on the principle of “No Profit, No loss”.
This novel project launched by Government of India in 2008 has not reached anywhere near the desired objectives. Much reliance was placed on the CPSUs for supply of medicines to the Jan Aushadhi scheme. However, the experience was that CPSUs were not able to cope with the increasing demand of the drugs and the range of medicines which needed to be kept at the Jan Aushadhi store as CPSUs had a limited coverage of therapeutic groups and dosage forms. Further, as far as in-house production of medicines by CPSUs was concerned, they were able to cover only 130 medicines out of 319 medicines identified for availability at JAS. Around 85 products covering only about 11 therapeutic groups were made available and physical availability was even much less.
The scheme had heavy dependence upon State Governments for prescription of generic medicines and for opening Jan Aushadhi stores in Government Hospitals.The original plan was to open at least one Jan Aushadhi store in each and every one of the 630 districts of our country. However as on 31stMarch 2012, only 157 stores could be opened and later many of them became non-functional too.
The Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI) was entrusted with a third party evaluation and they submitted its report on 18thDec 2012 under the title “Rapid Assessment and Potential Scale up of Jan Aushadhi Scheme”.
The main observations of the report were:
Thus, a limited portfolio of medicines coupled with chronic stock-outs seriously eroded the credibility of these stores as customers desire a one-stop shop for all prescribed drugs. Extremely low sales volume of drugs due to stock-outs and poor awareness at the level of patients also adversely impacted operational costs. Even those stores with high sales volume had found it difficult to recoup operational expenses. Jan Aushadhi campaign 2013-15:
As on 31stMarch 2012, only 149 stores were functional, and half of them got closed during 2012-13. To have an accelerated growth of the campaign, aNew Business Plan was released during Aug 2013 with an ambitious target of opening 3000 Jan Aushadhi stores by the end of 2016-17 with a planned budget of Rs.148.82 Cr. The plan also contained few changes in the scheme. Still by the end of the financial year, 2014-15, the number of Jan Aushadhi stores could reach a level of 99 only.The number of medicines included in the product basket were only around 200 and physical availability was only 50% of the basket.Jan Aushadhi campaign 2015-16:
Effective implementation of Jan Aushadhi scheme has been analyzed in a big way through organizing brain storming sessions and discussions with various stake holders and a Strategic Action Plan (SAP 2015) was prepared and submitted so as to achieve the objectives set by the Government.Key areas of significance identified were Availability, Acceptability, Accessibility, Affordability, Awareness and Effective Implementation of the Scheme. SAP 2015 was approved by the Hon’ble Minister for C&F in September, 2015.
Status as on 31st March 2016:
Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP).
BPPI (Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India), under the administrative control of the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals& Fertilizers, Government of India will be the implementation agency for the PMJAY.
BPPI has been established under the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Government of India, with the support of all the Pharma CPSUs for coordinating procurement, supply and marketing of generic drugs through the Jan Aushadhi stores. In April 2010, BPPI got registered as an independent society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 as a separate legal entity. BPPI follows the provisions of GFR 2005 and CVC guidelines as amended from time to time and also instructions from the Department of Pharmaceuticals.
Government of India will provide full financial support to BPPI during the initial years. However, when the scheme is established, BPPI will make efforts to recover as much as possible of its expenses incurred on its salary, wages, office expenses, and publicity expenses through trade margin. To that extent Government support will stand reduced.
Any major amendments in the scheme shall be done only with the approval of the Hon’ble Minister for Chemicals and Fertilizers. However minor amendments can be done by the steering committee. Hon’ble MoS and Hon’ble Minister for Chemicals & Fertilizers shall be kept informed by the Chairman, Steering committee.
Progress of implementation of the project and the target achieved shall be monitored by the steering committee comprising Secretary (Pharma), Joint Secretary (Pharma), Director (Pharma), all the MDs/CMDs of Pharma PSUs, President, Secretary and CEO of BPPI.
Number of Jan Aushadhi stores envisaged: 3000 by March 2017.
|1.||Coverage||All the Districts in the Country.|
|2.||Number of products in the basket||1000|
|3.||Type of products||Medicines, Surgicals & Consumables, Stents & Replacements etc.|
An amount of 35 Cr had been allotted in the budget 2016-17.Supplementary budget shall be allocated on receipt of proposal from DoP.
All State Governments shall be directed to open Jan Aushadhi stores in Government run hospitals and medical colleges.
Memorandum of Understanding shall be entered into with reputed organisations / NGOs / Trusts / Charitable institutions for opening large number of Jan Aushadhi stores across the country.
Applications shall be invited through press media from Private hospitals and other institutions / registered medical practitioners / individual entrepreneurs for opening Jan Aushadhi stores.
All PSUs having township shall be approached to open Jan Aushadhi stores in their township.
To further ensure viability of running Jan Aushadhi stores, possibilities of establishing Jan Aushadhi stores in Kisan Centres / Common Service Centres / other different retail outlets shall be encouraged.
The success of this initiative is dependent on other agencies too, such as Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, State Governments, active co-operation of Hon’ble members of Parliament, Hon’ble members of different Legislative assemblies, IMA, Hospitals run by Private groups and Charitable institutions, NGOs, Practicing Doctors etc. States which are having their own schemes like free distribution of medicines are to be coupled with Jan Aushadhi scheme. Non-prescription of Generic Medicines by the doctors is another factor. BPPI is continuing their efforts to persuade Doctors to prescribe only generic medicines. For this BPPI is working in close association with other organizations and Govt. departments. Seminars / Workshops inviting Doctors, Scientists, Government officials and other stakeholders will be also organized.
The endeavor of BPPI is to make available at Jan Aushadhi Stores all the commonly used generic drugs covering all the therapeutic groups. In the coming years, Jan Aushadhi scheme shall provide the complete spectrum of Health care products and services, starting from making available all the generic drugs covering all the therapeutic groups.Product basket to contain 1000 items by March 2017 and to include stents and replacements.